The three main objectives of the 7th EU Environment Action Programme (2014-2020) have a key international dimension: the protection, preservation and enhancement of the Union`s natural capital, the transformation of the Union into a resource-efficient, green and competitive low-carbon economy and the protection of Union citizens from environmental pressures and risks to health and well-being. A detailed table has been drawn up listing the international environmental agreements to which the Union is already a party or signatory. Canada`s multilateral environmental agreements include air, biodiversity and ecosystems, chemicals and waste, climate change, environmental cooperation, the sea and oceans, and meteorology.  Canada took an initiative because of the diversity of the country`s natural resources, climatic zones and populated areas, all of which can contribute to pollution. An agreement between two nations is called a bilateral environmental agreement. When the agreement is concluded between three or more nations, it is called a multilateral environmental agreement (MEA). These agreements, concluded mainly by the United Nations, concern issues such as atmospheric policy, freshwater policy, waste and hazardous substances policy, the marine environment, nature protection policy, noise pollution and nuclear safety.  In 2002, the EAC Summit of Heads of State and Government decided that the EAC should negotiate regional and multilateral issues as a whole. The draft framework for joint participation and implementation of regional and multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) has been finalized. The objective of this framework is to guide EAC partner states in the implementation of various multilateral environmental agreements to which partner states are parties. National biosafety contact points are available from the Science and Technology Council, the Office of the Vice-President and the Ministry of Water and Environment in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. In addition, countries have developed systems for processing applications for the import of GMOs into the environment, a monitoring, inspection and enforcement mechanism, as well as streamlining the roles and responsibilities of the institutions concerned.
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