A typical signature block of a contract includes the following elements, as described below: In England (and Wales), it is customary to place the signature blocks on the left side of the signature page; while witness signature blocks are placed under the signatory. Today, customary law does not require that company agreements be certified, unless required by law. Therefore, witness signature lines should generally not be required. In the United States, the word By: is placed under the signature line, not to identify the name of the signatory, but to indicate the function or title, emphasizing that the signatory should not be signed in his personal capacity and that the name and title of the signatory must be written under the signature. The testimonium clause would be less precise to designate these final words of conformity: it is less precise because in principle, no testimony is necessary since the decline of the Roman Empire and Roman law, except that for acts of English law and notarial acts in European continental systems, a witness would be co-signed, as can be reflected in a clause. As explained in the articles in this series dealing with certain types of entities, signature blocks should be structured differently depending on the type of entity that the agreement delivers. Certification clause. Signature blocks are introduced by a certification clause. Rarely, however, do contracts contain a language that allows this practice. In this case, Escrow instructions should be put in place to inform the fiduciary agent when the signature pages will be appended to a final contract.
If there are no trust instructions, each party should have the option to add their signature pages to the final version of the contract. Why not use this last example? First, the assertion that the parties had the contract performed by their duly authorized employees is useless. The concept implicitly refers to the (ancient) theoretical view that a legal person can be considered a personality in its own right. However, a legal person may, of course, conclude the contract only by representing one or more natural persons. Second, you should not include in the final clause a guarantee that the performing natural person is justified. If the signatory does not have the power to bind the party he claims to represent (and that party does not ratify such a lack of power), the law of the mandate or agency is liable for the full harm suffered by the other party. . . .