Moscow Agreement 1921

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It must be made clear to the Soviet government that Her Majesty`s Government and the United States Government do not understand Mr. Molotov`s action. Although the revision of the 1921 Russian-Turkish Treaty (paragraph 3a of the attached telegram) is the only main concern of the Soviet and Turkish authorities, although this is questionable, the question of Turkey`s transfer of bases to Soviet Russia in the strait (paragraph 36 of the attached telegram) may also be a Soviet-Turkish affair, but these two points also concern the powers responsible for the World Organization. This is the case both from the general point of view of the principles set out by President Truman in the context of the resolution of the Venice-Giulia problem, namely that the fundamental principles of territorial regulation must be maintained by an orderly trial against violence, intimidation or blackmail9 – and in particular because of the explicit assurances given by Marshal Stalin in Yalta. Marshal Stalin then stated that he was prepared to accept that “appropriate assurances must be given to Turkey as to the maintenance of its independence and integrity” and that it should be reassured in particular as a prelude to the revision of the Montreux Convention.10 The third point that Mr. Molotov made in his interview with the Turkish ambassador in Moscow [page 1020] is in direct contradiction with Stalin`s dumarschal declaration in Jalta. It`s also surprising. Mr. Molotov reportedly proposed a Turkish-Soviet understanding of the strait at a time when Her Majesty`s government and the U.S. government are still awaiting the views of the Soviet government, which promised to communicate to the Crimean conference.11 Last week, Russian duma members Waleri Rashkin and Sergei Obukhov of the Russian Communist Party sent a letter to Russian political leaders and the Russian Foreign Ministry.

in which they called for the cancellation of Russian political leaders and the Russian Foreign Ministry. the 1921 Moscow Treaty, concluded by Bolshevik Russia and Kemalist Turkey. The A Just Russia party group supported the initiative. On 10 February, Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said Russia would consider the issue of cancelling the treaty with Turkey, which is nearly 100 years old. Rising tensions in Russian-Turkish relations over syria`s civil war are leading to further attempts by Russian politicians to make Turkey bear a political cost of interference in Syria. The final step – an attempt to annul Moscow`s friendship and fraternity agreement with Turkey, signed on 16 March 1921 – could have repercussions not only on the Middle East, but also on the former Soviet republics of Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan.

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